In any given market, manufacturers and distributors cannot be given a free rein for their products, especially for those that may endanger the health and safety of consumers or damage the environment. Consequently, govern- ments intervene by establishing technical regulations to prevent market failures and protect consumers as well as the environment. However, technical regulations can impede trade if they are improperly elaborated or established for illegitimate objectives.

There is thus a need for a framework to minimize obstacles that could arise from technical regulations in trade.
This need is met by the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), which provides rules for the elabora- tion of technical regulations in a transparent manner. Technical regulations should, as far as possible, be based on international standards so that in principle the same product could get access to various markets.

Performance in the Mongolian standardization and regulatory legal system, is regulated in accordance with Mongolian law on standardization and conformity assessment, which was adopted in 2003.

Document which lays down product characteristics or their related processes and production methods, in- cluding the applicable administrative provisions, with which compliance is mandatory. It may also include or deal exclusively with terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labelling requirements as they apply to a product, process or production method.

Source: WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, Annex 1.

Regulation that provides technical requirements, either directly or by referring to or incorporating the content of a standard, technical specification or code of practice. NOTE: A technical regulation may be supplemented by technical guidance that outlines some means of compliance with the requirements of the regulation, i.e. deemed-to-satisfy provision.

Source: ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004, Standardization and related activities – General vocabulary.


Today in Mongolian enforcement with the following technical regulations.

• Leather goods production and sales tracking of technical regulations /Resolution of Government 2013-02-23 № 300/

• Milk and milk products and sales tracking of technical regulations /Resolution of Government 2011-10-26 № 304/

• Kind of cake product industry and trade tracking of technical regulations /Resolution of Government 2011-10-26 № 305/

• The technical regulations for imported alcoholic drinks

• Alcohol technical regulations for beverage industry

Mongolian Agency for Standard and Metrology. 2017